GIS Data and Map Production

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GIS Map Data Digitization Services

Data Digitization is a conclusive technique for data and storage in the GIS project. It is mostly used to capture the coordinates in point, line, or polygon format. The process of Digitization is expensive and time-consuming and it is converting hardcopy / scanned copy or satellite/Aerial base maps into vector data.

Polosoft plays a major role in managing services with the accuracy of digitized features or maps. We have experienced digitizers, who knows to interpret maps and digitize the features accurately with lesser time consumption.

Data Digitization Helps You In:

  • Search the document
  • Accessing the document
  • Retrieving the document
  • Distributing the document

Digitization services are mainly used for converting maps, sketches, schematic diagrams, or circuit diagrams into digital formats. Digitization services are also used in zonal maps, contour maps, cadastral maps, topographical maps and utility maps.

GIS Map Data Digitization

Types of GIS Map Digitization

An analog signal or an image is represented by a discrete set of points known as Digitizing. This data after conversion is in the binary format, which is directly readable by a computer. You can convert a text, an image, audio or a video. The analog signals are variable whereas the digital format is the discrete one. There are four types of GIS data digitization.

Manual Digitizing

Manual Digitizing

The operator manually traces all the lines from his hardcopy map and creates an identical digital map on the computer. It is time-consuming and the level of accuracy is also not good.

Heads-Up Digitizing

Heads-Up Digitizing

Lines need to be drawn manually but directly on the computer screen. Therefore the accuracy increases and the time also decreases.

Interactive Tracing Method

Interactive Tracing Method

The speed and accuracy increase in this method, although it’s just an upgraded version of Heads-up digitizing.

Automatic Digitizing

Automatic Digitizing

Automatic raster to vector conversion using image processing and pattern recognition techniques.

With many years of experience in digitizing service, we have the experts who can handle any digitization work professionally, the various digitization services are:

We offer digital services such as complete CAD drafting, paper to CAD conversions, and 3D CAD modeling. The digitization services that we offer are made sure to meet global standards and therefore results in high precision and quality products.

Looking for Professional Approach and Quality Services ? Contact Us Today

Accuracy in the Data Digitization Process

In the digitization World, an important role of the GIS database is entirely dependent on the spatial accuracy of the features. And, the accuracy of the digitized map ultimately depends on the quality of the digitization process. The list of errors on digitized maps are classified into the geodetic, machine, cartographic, manuscript, positional and attribute errors.

Geodetic Errors

Geodetic Errors

This is due to the odd choice of a projection system which leads to inaccuracy and improper projection leads to inaccurate placement of elements on the map. Therefore the digitized map features do not overlap each other appropriately.

Machine Error

Machine Error

It occurs due to the digitizing tablet or the software used to digitizing the elements. It is an inherent error that cannot be removed but can only be minimized and sometimes it occurs when converting the maps from analog to the digital formats.

Cartographic Errors

Cartographic Errors

It arise due to existing mistakes that are present in the source map itself, and it can be transferred into the digital map. Incorrect interpretations or drafting of the elements in the maps are also one of the reasons for these errors.

Manuscript Errors

Manuscript Errors

It occurs based on the quality of the source maps by any stretching, warping, wrinkling, or traces of folding in the original map might affect the digitization process. It may lead to irregular shape, area & coordinates of the digitized features.

Positional Errors

Positional Errors

This happens when an element is not captured correctly, and it can be completely rectified. With Positional Error, it is categorized as Dangling Nodes, Switchbacks, knots, and loops, Overshoots, and Undershoots, Silvers, and Overlaps.

Dangling Nodes

Dangling Nodes

It occurs in polygon & polyline method. With the digitized polyline, which hasn’t met, or there is any gap between the nodes where as in a digitized polygon, it happens when a polygon doesn’t connect back to it.

Switchbacks, Knots & Loops

Switchbacks, Knots & Loops

It occurs due to unpractised digitizer with the wrong movement of the cursor/ puck, the line being digitized ends up with extra vertices/nodes. Switchbacks are formed in line with a bend while with knots and loops, the line folds onto itself, creating a polygon.

On-screen digitization is predominantly used in GIS industries as compared to manual digitization. The normal resolution of the image to the scale of the original raster data and digitize the feature with a higher level of accuracy in the on-screen Digitization. At Polosoft, choose our error free data digitization process for your upcoming projects.

Application & Industries

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Work Process

GIS Work Process

Our Recent Works

GIS Works

FAQs

Map data digitizing in GIS is conversion of geographical data either from hardcopy or scanned images into the vector form by tracing the features. During the process of digitizing, all features from the traced map or images are captured as coordinates in either point, line, or a polygon format.
This is defined as the process of converting the geographic features on an analog map/ or a paper map into digital format using a digitizing tablet, or digitizer, which is connected to a computer.
  • Manual Digitizing
  • Heads-up Digitizing
  • Interactive Tracing Method
  • Automatic Digitizing
  • Process Transformation.
  • Model Transformation.
  • Domain Transformation.
  • Cultural/Organisational Transformation.
The main purpose of digitalisation which makes it important is it enables automation, increases data quality, and collection and structuring of all that data. In order to use advanced technology, such as better and smarter software.

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